Article included in edition Volume XII :: Nr.1 :: July 2016

Empirical Research

Prescription and use of PPE in activities exposed to carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic (CMR) chemicals: multidisciplinary research-action in a French factory of wood panels for furniture

Fabienne Goutille1, Louis Galey2, Clémence Rambaud3, Pierrick Pasquereau4, José Marçal Jackson Filho5 & Alain Garrigou6
(1) Equipe EPICENE, U1219 INSERM Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Université de Bordeaux
146 rue Leo Saignat
33076 Bordeaux Cedex
France
fabienne.goutille@gmail.com
(2) Equipe EPICENE, U1219 INSERM Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Université de Bordeaux
146 rue Leo Saignat
33076 Bordeaux Cedex
France
louis.galey@gmail.com
(3) Equipe EPICENE, U1219 INSERM Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Université de Bordeaux
146 rue Leo Saignat
33076 Bordeaux Cedex
France
rambaud.clemence@gmail.com
(4) Equipe EPICENE, U1219 INSERM Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Université de Bordeaux
146 rue Leo Saignat
33076 Bordeaux Cedex
France
pierrick.pasquereau@u-bordeaux.fr
(5) Centro Estadual do Paraná
Fundacentro
Rua da Glória, 175 - 4o andar
80300-060 Curitiba - PR
Brasil
jose.jackson@fundacentro.gov.br
(6) Equipe EPICENE, U1219 INSERM Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Université de Bordeaux
146 rue Leo Saignat
33076 Bordeaux Cedex
France
alain.garrigou@u-bordeaux.fr
Abstract

The question of the effectiveness of the risk prevention measures related to the use of CMR chemicals represents high challenges in terms of the health of the workers exposed to them. In most cases, prevention measures are limited to the use of personal protective equipment (PPE), although the regulation favours collective protective equipment (CPE). Constraints related to wearing PPE are generally known: discomfort in the movements, thermal discomfort, inadequate forms, premature wear and tear. The originality of the work to be presented in this article is to articulate the necessary knowledge about the dangers of the products, the PPE prescription modalities by the company and the workers’ risk perception of their effects on their body and of the PPE’s effectiveness. This work as a case study emerges from a transdisciplinary approach based on ergonomics, according to the Ergotoxicology approach, and on Anthropology.

Keywords prevention of chemical risks, representation of risks, ergotoxicology, anthropology of risks.